A Citation Report takes the citation data available
for items in the Web of Science and aggregates it into a format that allows you to quickly
review citation activity to a group of papers over time.
Graphs on the citation report display both publication and citation data for a set of
records. You can quickly determine an average citation rate, remove self citations and determine
the h-index for a group of items. Citation Reports can be constructed from any
set of results of 10,000 records or fewer, and from the Marked List which has a limitation
of 5,000 records. Citation Reports can be built from any results
list in Web of Science. Use citation reports to track research output and citation activity
for authors and institutions, see publication and citation trends in a topic area, examine
second generation citations and create reports from custom lists built by using the Marked
List. You can build citation reports from several
Web of Science data sources – BIOSIS Citation Index, Chinese Science Citation Database,
SciELO or even across all databases, but for this demonstration I’ll be working in the
Web of Science Core Collection. As an example, we’ll look at a Citation
Report for an author’s work. First, use the author field on the Search page to create
a list of works the author has written. Enter an author’s name and initials. If
an author has published using various formats of their name and initials or if their name
has changed over time, be sure to search for all likely variations. You may also use the
Author Search tool if you need help identifying an author. It’s a guided, stepped search
that helps you identify authors using several criteria. I’m searching for publications
by MA Marra. My search returned 252 results. If the author
you searched has a common name you may want to refine or add terms to focus your search.
Once satisfied with the results list I can now analyze the citation activity to these
items. Click the Citation Report button to begin. The citation report contains graphs and summary
data at the top, and detailed citation information for each publication below.
If you find that there are papers in the citation report that are not by the author you intended,
or you would simply like to remove certain items for the purposes of the analysis, use
the checkboxes to the left of each item to remove them. Click the Go button to re-run
the citation report without those items. The graphs detail the distribution of the
items in this set by when they were published and when they were cited . To the right of
the graphs you’ll see summary information about this group of records. The publication
count, total citation count, and citation count without self-citations are included.
I can choose to view the articles which cite Marra’s work by clicking the Citing Articles
link, or I could choose to view the citing items while removing any paper where Marra
is an author, eliminating any self-citations. Also available is the h-index for this set
of records. The h-index is a bibliometric measure that can be useful in measuring a researcher’s relative impact on his/her discipline. The h-index was originally proposed by Dr. J.E. Hirsch. You can read Dr. Hirsch’s original paper that discusses the h-index in the Proceedings
of the National Academy of Sciences of the US. He suggests that the measure should only
be used to compare researchers within the same discipline area because citation behaviors
vary from one field to another. For example, researchers in the life sciences tend to have
higher h-indices than physicists. The h-index number is relative to the context of the discipline. The h-index shown here of 60 means that of
the papers in this set, 60 papers have been cited at least 60 or more times each. It’s easy to find the h-index within the list of publications because they are sorted from most to least
cited. The 60th paper has 60 citations, while the 61st paper has fewer than 60. This is
the point at which the citation count drops below the paper’s rank – the h-index. All of the data from the Citation Report can
be exported. Scroll to the bottom of the page to see the available options.
Print or email using these icons. You may also save directly to your desktop as a text
file or choose to export directly to Excel using the .xls format. Choose the number of
records to export, then click Send. Open the downloaded file. The graphs are at the top,
the Summary data including the h-index are below, and each paper with detailed
citation data. Some considerations when exporting and using
citation reports for evaluative purposes. Items and citation counts included in the
Citation Report are all derived from Web of Science-indexed publications. If you’ve
published works in non-Web of Science covered items, they will not be included.
To find citations to works not in Web of Science, perform a detailed Cited Reference Search, then add those counts to complete your analysis. See our Cited Reference Search tutorial for help.