Installing Windows Server 2012 R2

Installing Windows Server 2012 R2

In this video from ITFreeTraining I will be
performing a clean install of Windows Server 2012 R2 standard edition. Before I start the
install, I will first have a quick look at the system requirements. In order to install Windows Server 2012 R2,
you will, at a minimum, need a computer with a 1.4 GHz 64bit CPU, 512 Megabytes of RAM
and a 32 Gigabyte drive. This is enough to get Windows installed and up and running,
but not much else. For a production system I would recommend at least 1 Gigabytes of
RAM but 2 Gigabytes if you can spare it. For drive space, 50 Gigabytes for a starting size,
but personality we use 100 Gigabytes so there is room to expand. This leaves room for updates,
temporary files and other data. I will now change to my vSphere client to start the install. For this install I will install Windows Server
2012 R2 in a VMWare virtual machine. The Windows Server 2012 R2 DVD has been placed in the
virtual optical drive for this computer. To ensure that the computer boots from the DVD,
I will go up to the VM menu and select the option “edit settings”. In here I can change a lot of the settings
for the virtual machine. The first tab displays the hardware used in the virtual machine.
In this case, I will select the “options” tab and then select the option “boot options”. At the top, notice that I have selected the
option for “EFI firmware” for this virtual machine. This is a newer standard than the
older Bios standard. Bios is more compatible with older operating systems, so if you are
not sure which to use, leave it on the default setting of Bios. To force setup to appear on the next boot,
tick the option “The next time the virtual machine boots, force entry into the EFI setup
screen”. Now that is done, I will press o.k. to save the changed setting and then
start up the virtual machine. Once the virtual machine starts up, the setup
screen will appear. Unlike the Bios screen, there are not too many option in here to select.
To make sure that the system boots off the DVD I will select the option Boot Manager
and then on the next screen select the option for the virtual optical drive. The virtual machine will now boot from the
DVD. Notice that I get a message asking to press any key to boot from the CD or DVD.
This normally occurs when an existing operating system is present. If you do not press a key
the computer will boot from the existing operating system. This is done so that, if the install
is finished and the DVD is left in the drive, the system will still boot into Windows rather
than attempt to install Windows again. In this case, the EFI setting has caused the
boot loader to wrongly detect an operating system on the drive. There is no operating
system on this drive but in order to start the install I will need to press a key. The “loading files” screen is loading
Windows PE from the DVD into RAM. Once in RAM, the virtual machine will boot into Windows
PE. Once Windows PE has booted, Windows PE will automatically run the setup. The first screen of the setup will ask which
language, time, currency and keyboard that you want to use. In this case I will accept
the defaults and move on. On the next screen, you need to select “install
now” to start the install. You also have the option “repair the computer”. If the
system has problems booting, the ‘repair your computer’ option will give you access
to some tools that may be able to fix the problem. On this screen, a product key needs to be
entered that will be used with Windows. Depending on which DVD you use, the DVD may contain
multiple editions of Windows and the product key will determine which one of these editions
will be installed. In this case, I will enter in a product key for Windows Server 2012 R2
Standard. The next screen will show you which editions
of Windows Server on that DVD will work with that product key. If the product key is valid
but that edition of Windows Server does not exist on that DVD, setup will give you a prompt
to indicate that. If this occurs, you need to use a DVD that contains the edition
that matches your product key. The first option is to install Windows Sever
with the server core interface. This is the default option for Windows Server installation.
In this case, I will select the second option to install Windows Server with the full GUI
and move on. On the next screen, I need to tick the option
“I accept the license terms”. The license is displayed on this screen if you want to
read what you can and cannot do with Windows Server 2012 R2. The next screen determines whether an ‘in-place
upgrade’ or ‘clean install’ is going to be performed. The top option “upgrade”
is available; however, if this was selected, setup would give you an error. In order to
upgrade an existing operating system using the “upgrade” option, the operating system
that you want to upgrade from needs to be booted up. Once booted, setup needs to run
from the DVD. Since no operating system exists on this computer
as yet, I will select the second option, “custom”, to perform a clean install of Windows Server
2012 R2. On the next screen there are options to partition
and format the drive. If the drive has not been partitioned, which in this case it has
not, setup will automatically partition the drive as required. If your drive does not
appear, you may need to select the option at the bottom right called “Load Driver”.
In this case I do not need to load any additional drivers and I am happy for setup to partition
the drive as required, so I will press next and move on. Setup will now copy the required files and
setup the hard disk. Depending on the speed of your computer, this should take anywhere
from 10 to 30 minutes to complete. I will pause the video and return once it has completed. Once setup has finished copying files, the
system will reboot and Windows will finish the install. This includes performing steps
like detecting hardware on the system as well as running a number of performance tests.
The system may reboot a number of times and the whole process takes a few minutes. I have,
however, sped up the process so we do not need to wait. Once booted I will need to enter in an administrator
password. Once this is done, Windows will finalize the operating system and I will be
able to login. First login will take a bit longer than normal
as Windows needs to create a profile for that user. Once logged in, server manager will
be loaded up automatically. Also since a new network card was installed I will receive
a message asking if this network card will automatically be used to find other devices
on the network. In this case, this server will be on an internal network behind a firewall
so I press yes for this particular network adapter. Even though I have finished the install, the
last step that I will do is install VMWare tools. This will improve the performance of
the virtual machine – in particular the responsiveness and speed of the mouse. To do this, go up to the menu VM and select
the option ‘guest’ and then the option ‘Install/Upgrade VMware Tools’. Once I
accept the prompt, I can launch the autorun to start the setup. Once the setup starts up, in this case all
I need to do is accept all the defaults for the install. The process takes a few minutes
but I have sped it up. Once complete the next step is to reboot the server. Once the server reboots, it will start up
again with the VMWare device drivers installed. This gives a lot of performance advantages
to the virtual machine. Once the server has rebooted and I have logged in, notice that
I can now move the mouse between the virtual machine and the operating system without having
to press ctrl and alt. This concludes this video on installing Windows
Server 2012 R2. This is just one of the many videos that we have on Windows Server and
other IT related topics. Please feel free to have a look at our web page or Youtube channel
for more free videos. Thanks for watching and see you next time.

33 thoughts on “Installing Windows Server 2012 R2

  1. Thank you for the Great video!
    I have a question.
    If I have the others VMs with others Windows Servers on that Host, what the impact in terms of Performance would be on these Servers during the installation of new VM with Server 2012 R2?
    Other words if that is a production environment can I do a new installation, NIC configuration, etc. during the normal business hours?
    Thank you in advance.

  2. Thanks once again itfreetaining!

    I'm really enjoying your new Windows Server 2012 training series.

    Fantastically presented as always!

  3. nice video .. but why is the password should be "Passw0rd" with capital P and number 0 ????????

    and why windows is creating anther 350MB  system reserved partition?

  4. Will Windows Server 2012 R2 have any problems with Windows 10 computers do you think? Because Windows Server 2016 is not realeased yet.

  5. wow super..Fantastic explanation who no about server knowledge he also easly learn from ur vide..Please give me other paper video of windows 2012..plsss

  6. Hey! I need some advice, could you please take a moment to help me?

    A friend and i are building a server box (Nothing too fancy, Xeon 5660, Rampage II Extreme M/B, 24GB [email protected], 128GB SSD). The server will be used for general web services (a little webpage, owncloud, and game server administration interfaces). We will also host game servers (minecraft, Counter-Strike GO, ArmA II, Space Engineers…), and VoIP server (TeamSpeak 3). A PLEX server will be installed, too.

    Besides that, it will be the central data hub for my home, dependant on puny USB HDD's for now, but i'm planning on a 6 disk RAID 5… or 1+0, havent decided yet (No RAID6 option, i'm afraid).

    With all that in mind, what version of Windows Server would you recommend? I was going to settle on 2008 R2 Standard, But i can get my hands on a key for Server 2012 R2, any version (Via Dreamspark). My current server is running Server 2003, but i will do a clean install, so no worries there.

  7. I tried to install a WIndows Server 2012 R2 on a server with 4 sata disks, but the 4 disk were used on a OpenBSD server, so that it were formated with a zfs file systems to run in the BSD world. Why the install prompt didnt show me an option to reformat the disks?? The install simply tell me: impossible to use the disks… Ok, but I cant reused it with ntfs?

  8. After I get to the boot manager and select to boot from my cd it doesn't do anything. It doesn't load or give me the "press any key to boot from cd or dvd"

  9. i can't create my fucking password i was triing and waching tutorials abaut that shit and it didn't work so can somone pliss help me.

  10. A nice video with some explanations, like why do I need to install VMware tools. I have to take into account that in production I have ESXI 5.5 and while preparing 6.5 I have to take into account that migrating existing 5.5 server I will probably have to reinstall the VMWare tools. Any comments on that? Also when creating a VM guest you have to choose the network drive like VMXNET. You'll need VMWare tools for that.  I wish people making this type of video would mention this.
    Also thanks for showing about not using the Upgrade option when you are doing a fresh install. I chose that option first and ended with and error, that left baffled. Now I know why. I think it's a bit misleading for MS to name the second option Custom and because of that I chose the Upgrade option. Thank you for that.

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